Determination of human growth hormone in human serum samples by Surface Plasmon Resonance immunoassay.
J. Treviño, A. Calle, J. M. Rodríguez-Frade, M. Mellado and L. M. Lechuga
Talanta, 78(3), 2009, 1011-1016 - DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2009.01.012
Abstract: A surface plasmon resonance immunoassay has been developed to determine human growth hormone (hGH) directly and without pre-treatment in human serum samples. A binding inhibition immunoassay was employed. Antibody concentration, assay buffer and regeneration solution have been optimized in order to reach the best performance and the lower non-specific binding of the matrix components to the sensor surface. The lowest detection limit was 6 ng/mL, with a working range covering the physiological range. Reproducibility of the assay was excellent with both intra-assay and inter-assay relative standard deviations <5%, while a variation of 2.19% was obtained employing different sensor chips. Reutilization of the sensor surface allows its continuous use over 50 measurements with a signal drop <20%. The SPR immunoassay results were validated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showing an excellent correlation (R2 = 0.985). A portable and fully automated system (Sensia SL) was employed in this work. This is the first SPR biosensor assay capable of detecting relevant concentrations of a clinical analyte in serum. This study shows the potentials of this device as a diagnostic tool for the detection of multiple clinical analytes.